How did this happen?

  • HBV is spread through unprotected sex (anal, vaginal, oral) with an infected partner, sharing injection drug needles, sharing razors or toothbrushes with an infected partner, occupational exposure to needle sticks, or other sharp instruments, and from an infected mother to her baby at birth.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Many people have no symptoms.
  • Symptoms can appear anywhere from 6 weeks to 6 months after exposure.
  • Symptoms may include nausea, fever, fatigue, dark urine (like the color of ice tea), loss of appetite, or yellow color to skin and whites of eyes

What can I do now?

  • There is no treatment for acute HBV.
  • Chronic HBV infection may be treated with certain medications. This is a discussion with your health care provider.

If I Ignore It, Maybe It Will Go Away?

  • Most people recover completely within 1-2 months.
  • Others cannot be cured though they remain asymptomatic. But these people can transmit HBV to others.
  • In some cases, HBV may lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, and ultimately, death.

How Can I keep this from Happening Again?

  • Vaccination!
  • Consistent use of condoms and dental dams for anal, oral and vaginal sex.
  • Avoid sharing needles for injection.